But why do you call it a "fibula"? It looks like a safety pin.
Simple. Because that's what the Romans called it, and yes, they did invent the safety pin. Here's a link to a super-simple example. Roman pins typically had high backs because they used pins like this to keep their clothes on, and the fabric needed room to bunch up. While the first example is dead simple, others were lavishly decorated, like this one. Even the highly decorated fibulae were still intended to be semi-functional.
While this pin is appropriate for light to medium fabrics, I made it specifically for my SCA and Rennie friends to hang favors, bits of largesse, or even small tools on. You could even give these pins as favors with a small starter token already on. These could make great presents for people who make or use beads - There are always a few "orphan" beads laying around they can't bear to part with!
- Round Nose Pliers
- Chain Nose Pliers - These are for holding, so any pliers with smooth, flat jaws will work.
- Wire Cutters
- Safety Glasses - Not kidding on this one. I've personally seen people get wire ends flung into their face hard enough to draw blood when they're just nipping the end off a little coil. If you're using tools, use eye protection.
- Hammer - I have a chasing hammer, but you can use a normal hardware store ball-pein hammer. It just needs to be flat and relatively smooth so it doesn't mark up the metal.
- Steel block - or similar hard surface to hammer on
- Ear protection. There's not a lot of hammering, but you should still wear ear protection when you do it.
16 gauge Copper Wire - From the local craft store is fine.
If you want fancier tools than this or square/triangular/thicker/titanium/whatever wire, here's some Suppliers:
Step 1: Measure, Cut and File
The catch is the part of a pin that secures the pin stem, which is the part that goes through your fabric. Some of this might be tricky, but you can do it!
Picture 1: Measure and mark at the 1 inch and 1 1/2 inch points from your just-filed end.
Picture 2 (The Tricky Bit): Using your round nose pliers, make a bend at the 1 inch mark. It won't be a tight fold like you see here, but that's where your flat pliers come in. Squeeze the rounded end carefully until you get it nice and tight, as close to this as possible. If you have a hammer and something to hammer on, you can use those to tap the loop down, too.
Picture 3: Make a 90 degree bend at the 1 1/2 inch mark.
Picture 4: Wrap that end around the wire. I recommend using the flat pliers to hold onto the folded part right above the bend, and using the round nose pliers to wrap. You'll probably need to use the flat pliers to squeeze the end in close to the wire.
Here's where you'll be making the loops, and where you can go crazy with the design. You loops might turn out bigger or smaller than mine, and that's fine. You might decide you only want three loops, or maybe you have some of those fancy square pliers and want to make diamond-shaped loops. You could even add beads between the loops as you go, or forego the loops all together and add your beads on right now. Go Nuts!
But if you're just starting out, keep following along.
Picture 1: Make a 90-degree bend right under your catch, and make a mark about 1/4" in. This will be the top of your loop. I made my loops at about the midway point on the jaws of my round nose pliers.* You can make them wherever you like, depending on how big you want your loops.
Picture 2: I'm figuring out where I want the top of my next loop to be. For me, it turned out that 3/8" away from the top of my first loop would look the best, so I marked it. You want to keep some space between your loops so you have space for all the cool things you're going to dangle from them. My loops are 1/4" wide, so I put in an extra 1/8" buffer. Alternatively, you could always just make your next loop where you want it and use that as a guide for spacing. Whatever works for you to keep it consistent.
Picture 3: Make the other loops, being sure to keep their size and spacing even. This is the more fiddly part, but congrats! You're almost done!
*Feel free to mark your jaws with your marker so you always bend the wire in the same spot. This keeps your loops nice and even. If you don't want to mark them up, a shred of masking tape wrapped around one of the jaws works just as well.
Chances are good that your pin is looking quite loopy and nice, but it's probably a little wobbly. Here's where we fix that.*
Picture 1: Looks a little wavy, doesn't it? That won't lay right when you're wearing it, so let's take care of that.
Picture 2: Put on your ear protection (do it) and give it a few gentle taps with your hammer. You don't want to hammer it, or otherwise you'll flatten the wire and get horrible squash marks where they cross over. You just want to even it out.
Picture 3: Nice and even! Much better, isn't it?
*You could always squish it between some books or carefully bend it straight with your hands if you don't have a hammer. So long as it's flat.
Picture 1: Using the lowest point on your round nose pliers, wrap a loop of wire with the end going back over your hanging loops. This is the spring part of your pin.
Picture 2: Looking mighty pin-like, isn't it?
Picture 3: Now you can bend the end of the catch over so it actually "catches" the pin stem.*
Picture 4: Almost done!
*We didn't do this earlier because the wire tends to get caught in it while you're making the hanging loops if you do.
Picture 1: Catch the stem and use your cutters to nip off the extra wire. Don't cut too close, or else it might come undone easily. Keep about 1/4" on the end.
Picture 2: File it sharp. You don't need a long needle point on this, just enough so it can get between the fibers.
Picture 3: Nice and pointy, like a little cone.
Picture 4: You're done! High Five! ^_^
As I said earlier, there's a lot of variation to be had here. You can use thinner or thicker wire, square wire, or colored wire. You could hammer the loops for texture or leave them off altogether. You can replace the loops with a fun squiggle or a pattern, or add beads.
I want you to take this Tutorial and make something beautiful with it.
Make a couple of these to start, then go nuts! I'd like you to comment with links back to your creations so we can all see them!